The glossary of terms should be helpful to clients as they are navigating their counseling and therapy experience.  We have found it helpful to clients to provides a list of commonly used terms in their mental health journey.

A – D

Art Therapy

E – H

Family Support Service
Family Support Specialist
Grief & Loss
Group Therapy


Licensed Clinical Social Worker
Licensed Professional Counselor
Music Therapy
Peer Support Service
Peer Support Specialist
Private Pay


Sandbox Therapy
Trust-based relational intervention

Anxiety – a nervous disorder characterized by a state of excessive uneasiness and apprehension, typically with compulsive behavior or panic attacks.

Assessment – the evaluation of the nature or ability of someone or something.

Biofeedback – a process whereby electronic monitoring of a normally automatic bodily function is used to train someone to acquire voluntary control of that function.

Art Therapy – a form of psychotherapy involving the encouragement of free self-expression through painting, drawing or modeling.

CBT – Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can manage problems by changing the way people think and behave. It’s most commonly used to treat anxiety and depression, but can be useful for other health problems.


DBT – Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a behavioral treatment that emphasizes individual and group skills training classes to help people learn and use new strategies to improve their lives.

Diagnosis – Identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms.

EAP – An employee assistance program (EAP) is a work-based intervention program designed to identify and assist employees in resolving personal problems that may be adversely affecting their performance.

Evaluation – the making of a judgment about the amount or value of something; assessment.

EMDR – Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy treatment designed to access and process traumatic memories and other adverse life experiences to bring these to a resolution.

Family Support Service – a service that assists and supports parents in their role as caregivers.

Grief & Loss – normal process of reacting to a loss. The loss may be physical (such as a death), social (such as a divorce), or occupational (such as a job).

Group Therapy – a form of psychotherapy in which a group of patients meet to describe and discuss their problems together under the supervision of a therapist.

LCSW – Licensed Clinical Social Worker

LPC – Licensed Professional Counselor

Music Therapy – Uses music to address a number of emotional, cognitive, and social issues in people of all ages. It is often used with people who have disabilities or illness.

Peer Support Service – Services delivered by individuals who have common life experiences with the people they are serving. People with mental and/or substance use disorders have unique capacity to help each other based on a shared affiliation.


Private Pay – Patients pay for medical services without government assistance such as Medicare and Medicaid.

PTSD – A condition of persistent mental and emotional stress occurring as a result of injury or severe psychological shock, typically involving disturbance of sleep and constant vivid recall of the experience.

Sandbox Therapy – Sandbox Therapy is a nonverbal, therapeutic intervention that makes use of a sandbox, toy figures, and sometimes water, to create scenes of miniature worlds that reflect a person’s inner thoughts, struggles, and concerns.

Session – a period of time devoted to a particular activity.

Theraplay – A child and family therapy for building and enhancing attachment, self-esteem, trust, and joyful engagement. It is based on the natural patterns of playful, healthy interaction between parent and child.


Trust-based relational intervention

Trauma – a deeply distressing or disturbing experience.

Trauma-Based – Secondary illnesses or other problems with an underlying cause of previous trauma.